Due to the many innovations in veterinary medicine, your pet can be protected against most major infectious diseases. Today, many immunizations and preventative treatments are available that did not exist a decade ago. Up-to-date vaccinations play a large part in keeping your pet healthy and free from disease.
Core Vaccines for Dogs and Cats
Core vaccines for dogs include canine distemper, canine adenovirus (hepatitis), canine parvovirus and canine parainfluenza. Combined in one injection, the vaccine is called DAPP. Rabies vaccine is required for all dogs by the state of Washington.
Core vaccines for cats include panleukopenia virus (also known as feline distemper), feline calicivirus, and rhinotracheitis (also known as herpes virus). The vaccines are combined in one injection called FVRCP. Rabies vaccine is required for all cats by the state of Washington.
Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs
Non-core vaccines for dogs include Bordetella and Leptospirosis vaccines.
Bordetella is a bacteria commonly associated with respiratory infections in dogs. It is one of the more common bacterial causes of canine infectious tracheobronchitis—also known as kennel cough. Bordetella is highly contagious, easily transmitted through the air or direct contact, and fairly resistant to destruction in the environment. The vaccine is strongly recommended if your dog attends day care, visits dog parks, boarding kennels, or any other location where he or she comes into nose-to-nose contact with other dogs.
Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria found in soil, water and the urine of infected animals. The vaccine is strongly recommended if your dog is exposed to areas where there are possible carriers such as raccoons, rodents, coyotes, and opossums, or is a “puddle drinker.”
Non-Core Vaccines for Cats
Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) is a contagious disease of cats and spreads primarily through intimate nose-to-nose contact with infected saliva. This very often occurs during cat fights, grooming, and mating. Contaminated urine, blood, and feces are also sources of infection. Though FeLV is not a core vaccine, it is recommended for cats at risk of exposure to this serious disease.
Titer testing or “titering” is the act of submitting a blood sample to determine whether an animal has enough antibodies to suggest immunity against a particular disease. While titering is not foolproof, it can be useful to help establish an animal’s response to previous vaccinations or exposure to certain diseases. If you are interested in titer testing for your pet, please discuss this with one of our veterinarians.
Titer tests we most commonly perform are:
- Canine Distemper virus
- Canine Parvovirus
- Rabies virus